Skin Pigmentation Disorder & Treatments - NiZ Cosmetics, Gold Coast

How to overcome Skin Pigmentation?

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What do you mean by Skin Pigmentation?

Pigmentation simply means coloring. Skin Pigmentation is a term used to describe the areas of uneven pigmentation visible on the skin. That is, it indicates the skin areas that have become darker in color than the surrounding skin. And mostly results in a patchy or uneven appearance. These skin disorders are a result of over production of melanin, a pigment within the skin.

  1. Causes of Pigmentation in skin
  2. Treatment of Skin Pigmentation disorders
  3. Three types of Pigmentation

Pigmentation disorders are a common complaint these days. More than 80% of women over the age of 25 are effected by skin pigmentation. It appears as a darkened patch, spot or blotch on skin and it gives the skin an uneven appearance or dulls the skin tone. It has the potential to make a person look older than what they are.

What are the factors causing Hyperpigmentation?

Here are the major factors affecting the pigmentation on face/skin.

  • Hormonal changes
  • UV damage
  • Pollution
  • Medication & trauma on the skin (from acne or treatments that were too aggressive for the skin type)

How can we treat pigmentation in skin?

Treatment of pigmentation disorder is a journey that requires commitment as well as a well-rounded approach by having regular professional clinic treatments. It needs followed by a home care regime of cosmeceutical grade products.

The time take to fade pigmentation, and see an improvement in the overall skin tone, will depend on the type of pigmentation and how long it has been present for.

Common types of Pigmentation in skin:

Sunspots (Solar lentigines):

Sunspots or solar lentigines vary in colour from light to dark brown and they have a clearly defined border. They are prone to appear in the age range of 40 and 50.

Repeated unprotected exposure to UVA, UVB and Blue Light rays are the main causes of Sunspots. The light emitted from smart devices including laptops, phones, smart TV’s and tablets are Blue Lights. Sunspots are different to freckles.

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH):

Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) are red and brown pigmented areas that appear on the skin post trauma, heat or infection.

Wounds on skin or inflamed skin causes the melanocytes to go into protection mode and they create too much pigment. This results in a red, purple or brown spot on the face or skin.

Examples of trauma includes acne blemishes, burns, grazes, cuts, deep chemical peels and aggressive laser treatments.

Patients with a darker skin tone are more prone to PIH than the lighter skins. So, preparatory home care has to be completed before intensive clinical treatments.


Considering all different forms of skin pigmentation, Melasma is the trickiest to treat. It can appear on the face in large brown patches, with non-distinct borders. These types of hyperpigmentation are mostly found on the cheeks, chin and forehead of face. It has a symmetrical appearance.

The main causes of Melasma are:

  • Hormonal changes
  • Pregnancy
  • Medications
  • Thyroid hormone imbalance
Melasma can not be cured, but it can be controlled by many ways.

Here are the ways by which you can control it:

  • Regular skin treatments
  • Modifying your lifestyle
  • Avoid excessive heat (such as hot yoga and saunas)
  • Include UVA/B and HEV blue light protection in your daily skincare routine.

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